Information on other rigid and flexible veterinary endoscopy modalities and techiques, as well as other forms of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)

Comming Soon! details of other veterinary surgical and diagnostic procedures using rigid and flexible endoscopes

Other Rigid endoscopy


a) Nasal adenocarcinoma viewed on rhinoscopy b) otoscopic view of a middle ear polyp in a cat c) cystoscopy view of a urolith d) laparoscopic assisted cystoscopy in a male spanial with oxolate uoliths

  • Laparoscopy
  • Thoracoscopy
  • Cystoscopy
  • Vaginoscopy
  • Rhinoscopy
  • Arthroscopy
  • Otoscopy
  • Rigid bronchoscopy
  • Laryngoscopy

Bronchoscopy. Here is a short video of a bronchoalveolar lavage in a spaniel. A 5mm thin flexible bronchoscope is used to examine the airways. A small amount of sterile fluid is then instilled and aspirated and sent for analysis to help determine the underlying causes of airway disease (Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Borders Veterinary Cardiology, 2009).

Flexible endoscopy

  • Bronchoscopy
  • Gastroscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Flexible cystoscopy


Interventional Cardiology

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery in veterinary patients is possible for a host of conditions, similar to humans. This radiograph demonstrates a permanent pacemaker implanted in a pet dog by minimally invasive surgery - interventional cardiology (Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Borders Veterinary Cardiology, 2009).

Interventional cardiology, or minimally invasive techniques can also be used to treat condiions suh as pulmonic stenosis, closure of a patent ductus arteriosus as well as septal defects ((Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Borders Veterinary Cardiology, 2009).