Rabbits and other small mammals pose unique challenges for traditional open surgery, and require special veterinary keyhole surgery techniques that differ from other pet animals

Thoracoscopic assisted removal of a thymic mass in a pet Rabbit using a 3mm laparoscope and 3mm paediatric instruments (R Pizzi). Rabbits are the third most common companion animal species in the United Kingdom, and while owners have the same expectation of quality of clinical services and treatment options as dogs and cat, unfortunately in many circumstances surgery of pet rabbits is still under developed, despite a volume of publications from thier use as laboratory animals and models for human surgical techniques and procedures.


Laparoscopic removal of an ovarian remnant in a ferret. A neutered female 3 year old ferret presented with severe bilateral alopecia and weight loss. Ultrasonography demonstrated a cystic mass caudal to the left kidney. This ovarian remnant (confirmed via histology) was removed via laparoscopy with a 3mm 30degree laparoscope and 3mm instruments (R Pizzi).


Here a Ferret is undergoing a laparoscopic assisted ovariohysterectomy with 3mm laparoscope and instruments, to prevent persistent oestrus and the associated risk of an pancytopaenia developing (R Pizzi).


Contributors Videos and Pictures

Laparoscopy in rats, performed as training for nissen fundoplication,using standard 5mm instruments (Paul Coronel Reyes). This video demonstrates the level of fine dissection possible with expereience, and while experimental, demonstrates the possibilities for therapeutic laparoscopy in conditions of pet and zoo collection rodents and small mammals.

Diagnostic laparoscopy and experimental appendectomy in rabbits as a training excercise (Paul Coronel Reyes)